Winston Churchill, who had served most of the war as British Prime Minister in a coalition government, was replaced by Clement Attlee during the conference. Since the early 1940s, Churchills had a Soviet policy that was very different from Roosevelt`s and regarded Stalin as an “evil tyrant” who led an abominable system.  General elections were held in the United Kingdom on 5 July 1945, but the results were delayed to allow the counting of votes of military personnel in their constituencies. The result was known at the conference, when Attlee became the new Prime Minister. In the statement of the Potsdam conference on Germany, it is stated: “The intention of the Allies is to enable the German people to prepare for a possible reconstruction of their lives on a democratic and peaceful basis.” The four areas of occupation of Germany, designed at the Yalta conference, were created, each to be managed by the commander-in-chief of the Soviet, British, American or French occupation army. Berlin, Vienna and Austria were also divided into four zones of occupation. An allied supervisory board, made up of representatives of the four allies, should deal with issues relating to Germany and Austria as a whole. Their policy was dictated by the “five Ds” decided in Yalta: demilitarization, denatalization, democratization, decentralization and deindustrialization. Each Allied power had to seize repairs to its own areas of occupation, while the Soviet Union was allowed 10 to 15 percent of industrial equipment in western Germany in exchange for agricultural and other natural products in its area. Remember, you still have to learn what was decided (or was not decided!) In Potsdam, little real progress has been made, beyond an agreement on fulfilling the commitments made in Yalta.
In addition to the settlement of Germany and Poland, the Potsdam negotiators agreed to the creation of a Council of Foreign Ministers to develop peace agreements with Germany`s former allies on behalf of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and China.